The objective of Problem Management is to resolve the underlying root cause of incidents and consequently prevent incidents from recurring [ITIL]. Proactive Problem Management aims to identifying and solving Problems and Known Errors before the incidents occur.
The Problem Management Process Management Pack provides basic capabilities to document problems, link incidents and research the problems through basic search capability. Though it does not provide any workflows but the partners could extend it to include automated workflows to automate aspects of problem management process.
Some of the key terms associated with Problem Management are:
- Problem: ITIL defines a ‘problem’ as the unknown cause of one or more incidents.
- Incident: Any event that is not part of the standard operation of a service and causes, or may cause, an interruption to, or a reduction in, the quality of service (e.g. a service being unavailable or hardware failure). The incidents are stored in incident records.
- Error: A fault, bug, or behavior issue in an IT service or system.
- Root Cause: The specific reason that most directly contributes to the occurrence of an error
- Known Error: is a Problem that is successfully diagnosed and for which a work-around has been identified
- Known Error Database: A subsection of the knowledge base or overall configuration management s database (CMDB) that stores known errors and their associated root causes, workarounds, and fixes.
- Problem Analyst: Typically the person working to find underlying root causes of the incidents through investigation and diagnoses.
- Problem Manager: Typically a person identifies problems from incidents in order to prevent future incidents
A typical Problem Management Process Flow
In version 1 Service Manager offers basic problem management capabilities that includes basic customizations, problem creation from multiple incidents, capturing known errors, workarounds, problem review flag and auto resolution of linked incidents.
Customizing Problem Management
- Problem Management Settings (Administration –> Settings –> Problem Settings)
- Problem ID Prefix
- Number of Attachments and maximum size of attachments
- Problem Priority mapping
- Problem Classification (Library –> Lists –> Problem Classification)
- Problem Source (Library –> Lists –> Problem Source)
- Problem Status (Library –> Lists –> Problem Status)
- Problem Resolution (Library –> Lists –> Problem Resolution)
Linking Incidents to Problem or Creating a Problem from Incidents
Given below is one of the ways of creating problem record:
- Select “All Incidents” View or a you could select a particular Queue
- In the example shown below I have used filter to narrow down the incidents
- Note: You can used Advanced Search for incidents that allows you to provide more complex criteria on more properties of Incident
Problem Form and Problem Management Workflow
- The Problem Form will have all the incidents automatically linked to the problem record.
- In this case since Title and description of the problem is not captured since there were several incidents.
- You can also add the “Affected Service or Affected CI” if problem is about a particular configuration Item
- Problem Form allows you to capture known errors and workarounds.
- The problem management workflow shipped out of the box, allows you to auto resolve the linked incidents. In order to use this functionality you simply need to check the box “auto resolve” incident in the “Resolution Tab” for the Problem Form.