Speeding up installation of Exchange Server 2007 SP1 Prerequisites on Windows Server 2008


Before you can install Exchange Server 2007 SP1 on a Windows Server 2008 there are varying prerequisites that need to be installed, depending on the Exchange 2007 Server role you plan on installing. Details on how to install those prerequisites manually can be found in the Exchange 2007 SP1 documentation:

How to Install Exchange 2007 SP1 Prerequisites on Windows Server 2008 or Windows Vista

In this blog post, we wanted to share a set of XML files that you can use to simplify the process of installing those prerequisites. Please see the attached ZIP file near the end of this post.

The following XML files are available:

Exchange-Base.xml – this will install the prerequisites that are common for majority of Exchange server roles. Note: To complete the installation, a reboot will be necessary. The reboot must be done before proceeding with the remaining Operating System prerequisites that are detailed below. If the AD management tools are not installed prior to installation of IIS 7 components, there are potential issues with IIS 7 configuration that can crop up as a result, hence the recommendation for a reboot.

Exchange-MBX.xml – this will install the rest of prerequisites that the Mailbox Server role requires.

Exchange-CAS.xml – this will install the rest of prerequisites that the Client Access Server role requires

Exchange-Edge.xml – this will install the rest of prerequisites that the Edge role requires.

Exchange-UM.xml – this will install the rest of prerequisites that the Unified Messaging role requires.

Exchange-ClusMBX.xml – this will install the rest of prerequisites that a clustered Mailbox Server role requires. When compared to the previously mentioned Exchange-MBX.XML, this XML file also installs Failover Clustering.

The Hub Transport Server Role requires no further Operating System prerequisites, other than what is already specified in Exchange-Base.xml.

To run those XML files and install the OS prerequisites you need, you should run the following from the CMD line:

ServerManagerCmd -ip <path>\<Exchange-role>.XML

So to put this into real life – if you wanted to install let’s say the Mailbox server role, you would first run the Exchange-Base.xml followed by Exchange-MBX.xml.

Using those XML you can also test if correct Operating System prerequisites have already been installed. For example, let say I thought I had installed the clustered Mailbox Server prerequisites. I could run the following to verify:

ServerManagerCmd -w -ip <path>\exchange-clusmbx.xml

Note: Running in ‘WhatIf’ Mode.
Skipping [Web Server (IIS)] Web Server (IIS) because it is already installed on this computer.
Skipping [Web Server (IIS)] Basic Authentication because it is already installed on this computer.
Skipping [Web Server (IIS)] Windows Authentication because it is already installed on this computer.
Skipping [Web Server (IIS)] ISAPI Extensions because it is already installed on this computer.
Skipping [Web Server (IIS)] IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility because it is already installed on this computer.
Skipping [Web Server (IIS)] IIS 6 Management Console because it is already installed on this computer.
Specified for installation: [Failover Clustering]

This server may need to be restarted after the installation completes.

The above tells us that all the Operating System prerequisites have been installed, except for Failover Clustering. The remaining will be skipped, since they were installed sometime in the past. It does no harm to re-run the <Exchange-Role>.xml file if some of the prerequisites have already been installed, they will simply be skipped.

You can also quickly verify the OS components that have been installed by running:

ServerManagerCmd -q

Finally, you can download the XML files from here.

Matt Richoux, Roman Maddox

Comments (10)
  1. chantal says:

    Great info… Thanks!

  2. RickP says:

    Very cool.

  3. Vladimir says:

    Why is this a blog when its already documented in Technet and other sites

  4. Jeff25 says:

    Great info and will definitely be a time-saver.  When can we expect to see this built into the Exchange setup for Windows Server 2008 servers?

    I just completed my upgrade from W2K3 to W2K8 with Exchange running on Hyper-V.  It’s awesome!

    http://www.expta.com/2008/03/windows-sever-2008-upgrade-complete.html

  5. Matt says:

    Vladimir, do you need a hug?

  6. Jason says:

    Is this xml installation feature new to 2k8 or is it available for 2k3 also?  This seems like a very good way to deploy prereqs.  I know some other software that requires a lot of prereqs that I would like to create the xml installation file for.

  7. Roman says:

    Jason,

    This is something new.  IIS6 was not componentized the way IIS7 is in Windows Server 2008.  This was done to increase security by decreasing the attack surface.  You can use a similar technique to install other roles/features on a 2008 box, but the details are outside our scope.  The servermanagercmd -q command will give you documentation on the role/feature identifiers you’ll need to use to install from the command line (eg. Web-Server), and the corresponding identifier you will see in the GUI (Web Server (IIS)).

    Good Luck.

    -R

  8. Cristina Safferstein says:

    Restart Windows without restarting your computer

    click for more details :

    http://www.sacatech.com/ar/restart-window-without-restart-computer.html

  9. stancrfc says:

    I’ve installed Exchange SP1 on my server successfully but the installation fails on my frontedge server.  I get the following error:

    Edge Transport Server Role Prerequisites

    Failed

    Error:

    Setup cannot continue with the upgrade because the ‘exsetupui’ (Exchange Server 2007 SP1 Setup) process (ID: 2568) has open files. Close the process and restart Setup.

    Error:

    Setup cannot continue with the upgrade because the ‘setup’ () process (ID: 2432) has open files. Close the process and restart Setup.

    If I kill the setup process in task manager nothing changes and if I kill the exsetupui process (as you would guess) the setup dialog box goes away.  Any ideas?  

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