SQL Server support for System Center 2016 Data Protection Manager

What versions of SQL Server does DPM 2016 support? The Microsoft article Installing DPM 2016 discusses the Microsoft SQL Server version that can be used together with Microsoft System Center 2016 Data Protection Manager (DPM). 

Some key points:

For more information about how to prepare your SQL Server environment for System Center 2016 DPM, please see the following article:  Preparing your environment for System Center 2016 Data Protection Manager