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SetSPN improvements in Windows Server 2008! W00t!

Update: Most recent SetSPN ramblings (short: use -S instead of -A).

All this stuff is based on a prerelease (RC1) version of Windows Server 2008 and may change before final release. Cheques may not be honoured.

I had a happy moment one night in India when the trainer for our IIS 7.0 TTT course discussed some of the Kerberos-related improvements in IIS7.

SetSPN got revamped! And it’s available from the Download Centre for Windows Server 2003 .

We all know (or knew, before my wiki collapsed) that duplicate Kerberos SPNs are bad. (The Wiki is still down, by the way, sorry).

We know that it’s been a little bit iffy configuring said SPNs and that the chance of getting it wrong was quite high – there was no control that prevented the registration of the same SPN twice, against different accounts.

Worse: SetSPN was focused on the account (security principal) only – if you thought you had a duplicate, you needed to use a customized LDIFDE command to track it down based on the SPN, as SetSPN wouldn’t search by SPN, only by account.

Buuut: Some wonderful SDE that should really be on my Christmas card list decided that SetSPN could become an all-singing all-dancing SPN troubleshooting tool!

Yes folks, SetSPN now has SANITY CHECK (-S) switches and FIND THE PROBLEM (-X) switches! HOW COOL IS THAT!?

In order to not break backwards compatibility (I infer; I didn’t actually participate in the conversation or decision making process), these are implemented as new switches, not old ones: Existing scripts that rely on creating duplicates (and then presumably resolving that situation shortly afterwards) won’t (er, shouldn’t) suddenly break.

Usage: setspn [modifiers switches data] computername
Where ‘computername’ can be the name or domain\name

-F = perform the duplicate checking on forestwide level
-P = do not show progress (useful for redirecting output to file)

-R = reset HOST ServicePrincipalName
Usage:   setspn -R computername
-A = add arbitrary SPN
Usage:   setspn -A SPN computername
-S = add arbitrary SPN after verifying no duplicates exist
Usage:   setspn -S SPN computername
-D = delete arbitrary SPN
Usage:   setspn -D SPN computername
-L = list registered SPNs
Usage:   setspn [-L] computername
-Q = query for existence of SPN
Usage:   setspn -Q SPN
-X = search for duplicate SPNs
Usage:   setspn -X

setspn -R daserver1
It will register SPN ‘HOST/daserver1’ and ‘HOST/{DNS of daserver1}’
setspn -A http/daserver daserver1
It will register SPN ‘http/daserver’ for computer ‘daserver1’
setspn -D http/daserver daserver1
It will delete SPN ‘http/daserver’ for computer ‘daserver1’
setspn -F -S http/daserver daserver1
It will register SPN ‘http/daserver’ for computer ‘daserver1’ if no such SPN exists in the forest

So, any instructions out there that currently use the positively archaic SETSPN -A can now be updated to use the shiny new SETSPN -S.

Again, I ask you: How cool is that!?

I should add that I haven’t actually tried this yet, just gurgled at the wonderful new options and imagined their effect. If it throws a “NotYetImplementedException”, please forgive my enthusiasm 🙂