Hyper-V How To: Expand a VHD

Some friends here on the Hyper-V team shared a PowerShell 2.0 script for expanding VHD:

# Expand a VHD

    [string]$vhdPath = $(throw “Must specify full path for VHD”),
    [string]$vhdSize = $(throw “Must specify expansion to add to VHD (in MB)”)

# Size in bytes
$MB = [System.UInt64] $vhdSize*1024*1024

#obtain the Msvm_ImageManagementService class
$ImageMgtService = get-wmiobject -class “Msvm_ImageManagementService” -namespace “root\virtualization”

# Create the Dynamic VHD
$result = $ImageMgtService.ExpandVirtualHardDisk($vhdPath,$MB)

if($result.ReturnValue -eq 4096){
    # A Job was started, and can be tracked using its Msvm_Job instance
    $job = [wmi]$result.Job
    # Wait for job to finish
    while($job.jobstate -lt 7){$job.get()}
    # Return the Job’s error code
    return $job.ErrorCode
# Otherwise, the method completed
return $result.ReturnValue

For more info on how to use PS cmdlets see: http://www.microsoft.com/technet/scriptcenter/topics/msh/cmdlets/index.mspx

See also James O’Neil’s New and improved PowerShell Library for Hyper-V. Now with more functions and… documentation!

For all 35 sample Hyper-V PS1 scripts in a zipfile, go to: Hyper-V%20PowerShell%20Example%20Scripts.zip-download

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