Several people ran into the issue that list views stop working after installing MS16-004.
The security fix contains a code change which requires as well an update to the not localized and to the localized files of the SharePoint foundation component. Localized and not localized file are installed through two different msp files and the security fix package does not include the localized msp file.
If you are looking for a minimal change to resolve the issue it you can just install the following fix which contains the missing msp file containing the localized files:
KB 3114508 - Download location: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=50667
Alternatively you can install the full server package of January 2016 CU for SharePoint 2013 which also includes the required msp file.
[Update - January 25th, 2016] A couple of customers reported that the fix from 3114508 does not install or that the issue still occurs after installing it for some languages. Our analysis shows that in each of these cases SP1 was missing - either for the core product or for one of the language packs. You can use the following script to verify the patch baseline (means the installed service pack level): http://blogs.technet.com/b/stefan_gossner/archive/2015/04/20/powershell-script-to-display-version-info-for-sharepoint-product-and-language-packs.aspx