Server 2008 Core Commands:


Server 2008 Core Commands:


·         Set IP Address: <Nic> <Dynamic or Static> <IP> <mask> <gateway>


o    Netsh interface ip set address “Local Area Connection” static 192.168.10.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1


·         Set DNS <dns server ip>


o    Netsh interface ip set dnsserver “Local Area Connection” static 192.168.10.10


·         Rename Computer:


o    Netdom renamecomputer <computername> /newname:<newcomputername>


·         Join domain: please note paswordD should have two “D’s” because you are specifying a Domain password


o    Netdom join <computername> /domain:<FQDN> /userD:<domain admin> /passwordD:<domain password> <or “*”>


·         Enable Remote Administration


o    netsh firewall set service RemoteAdmin ENABLE


·         Set Firewall


o    Netsh firewall set icmpsetting 8 ENABLE


o    Netsh firewall set opmode ENABLE


·         Map Network Drive:


o    net use [DriveLetter] \\Computername\ShareName
DriveLetter = D: E: F: Whatever you have available. Please omit the brackets when defining the driveletter


Configuration and installation


 






























































Task


Steps


Set the local administrative password


At a command prompt, type:


Net user administrator *


Join a computer to a domain


1.   At a command prompt, type on one line:


Netdom join %computername% /domain:<domain> /userd:<domain>\username> /password:*


2.   Restart the computer.


Confirm that the domain has changed


At a command prompt, type:


Set


Remove a computer from a domain


At a command prompt, type:


Netdom remove


Add a user to the local Administrators group.


At a command prompt, type:


Net localgroup Administrators /add <domain>\<username>


Remove a user from the local Administrators group


At a command prompt, type:


Net localgroup Administrators /delete <domain\username>


Add a user to the local computer


At a command prompt, type:


Net user <domain\user name> /add *


Add a group to the local computer


At a command prompt, type:


Net localgroup <group name> /add


Change the name of a domain-joined computer


At a command prompt, type:


Netdom renamecomputer %computername% /NewName:<new computer name> /userd:<domain\username> /password:*


Confirm the new computer name


At a command prompt, type:


Set


Change the name of a computer in a work group


1.   At a command prompt, type:


Netdom renamecomputer <currentcomputername> /NewName:<newcomputername>


2.   Restart the computer.


Disable paging file management


At a command prompt, type:


Wmic computersystem where name=”<computername>” set AutomaticManagedPagefile=False


Configure the paging file


At a command prompt, type:


Wmic pagefileset where name=”<path/filename>” set InitialSize=<initialsize>,MaximumSize=<maxsize>


Where:


path/filename is the path to and name of the paging file


initialsize is the starting size of the paging file in bytes.


maxsize is the maximum size of the page file in bytes.


Change to a static IP address.


1.   At a command prompt, type:


Ipconfig /all


2.   Record the relevant information or redirect it to a text file (ipconfig /all >ipconfig.txt).


3.   At a command prompt, type:


Netsh interface ipv4 show interfaces


4.   Verify that there is an interface list.


5.   At a command prompt, type:


Netsh interface ipv4 set address name <ID from interface list> source=static address=<preferred IP address> gateway=<gateway address>


6.   Verify by typing Ipconfig /all at a command prompt and checking that DHCP enabled is set to No.


Set a static DNS address.


1.   At a command prompt, type:


Netsh interface ipv4 add dnsserver name=<name of primary DNS server> address=<IP address of the primary DNS server> index=1


2.   At a command prompt, type:


Netsh interface ipv4 add dnsserver name=<name of secondary DNS server> address=<IP address of the secondary DNS server> index=2


3.   Repeat as appropriate to add additional servers.


4.   Verify by typing Ipconfig /all and checking that all the addresses are correct.


Change to a DHCP-provided IP address from a static IP address.


1.   At a command prompt, type:


Netsh interface ipv4 set address name=<IP address of local system> source=DHCP


2.   Verify by typing Ipconfig /all and checking that DCHP enabled is set to Yes.


Activate the server locally.


At a command prompt, type:


Slmgr.vbs -ato


Activate the server remotely.


1.   At a command prompt, type:


Cscript slmgr.vbs -ato <servername> <username> <password>


2.   Retrieve the GUID of the computer by typing Cscript slmgr.vbs -did


3.   Type Cscript slmgr.vbs -dli <GUID>


4.   Verify that License status is set to Licensed (activated).


 


Networking and firewall


 















































Task


Steps


Configure your server to use a proxy server.


At a command prompt, type:


Netsh Winhttp set proxy <servername>:<port number>


Configure your server to bypass the proxy for internet addresses.


At a command prompt, type:


Netsh winttp set proxy <servername>:<port number>bypass-list=”<local>”


Display or modify IPSEC configuration.


At a command prompt, type:


Netsh ipsec


Display or modify NAP configuration.


At a command prompt, type:


Netsh nap


Display or modify IP to physical address translation.


At a command prompt, type:


Arp


Display or configure the local routing table.


At a command prompt, type:


Route


View or configure DNS server settings.


At a command prompt, type:


Nslookup


Display protocol statistics and current TCP/IP network connections.


At a command prompt, type:


Netstat


Display protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NBT).


At a command prompt, type:


Nbtstat


Display hops for network connections.


At a command prompt, type:


Pathping


Trace hops for network connections.


At a command prompt, type:


Tracert


Display the configuration of the multicast router.


At a command prompt, type:


Mrinfo


Enable remote administration of the firewall.


At a command prompt, type:


Netsh firewall set service remoteadmin enable


 


Updates, error reporting, and feedback


 























Task


Steps


Install an update.


At a command prompt, type:


Wusa <update>.msu /quiet


Remove an update.


1.   Type at a command prompt:


Expand /f:* <update>.msu c:\test


2.   Navigate to c:\test\ and open <update>.xml in a text editor.


3.   In <update>.xml, replace Install with Remove and save the file.


4.   At a command prompt, type:


Pkgmgr /n:<update>.xml


Configure automatic updates.


At a command prompt:


·         ·              To verify the current setting, type:


Cscript scregedit.wsf /AU /v


·         ·              To enable automatic updates, type:


Cscript scregedit.wsf /AU /4


·         ·              To disable automatic updates, type:


Cscript scregedit.wsf /AU /1


Enable error reporting.


At a command prompt:


·         ·              To verify the current setting, type: ServerWerOptin /query


·         ·              To automatically send detailed reports, type:


ServerWerOptin /detailed


·         ·              To automatically send summary reports, type:


ServerWerOptin /summary


·         ·              To disable error reporting, type: ServerWerOptin /disable


Participate in the Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP).


At a command prompt:


·         ·              To verify the current setting, type:


ServerCEIPOptin /query


·         ·              To enable CEIP, type:


ServerCEIPOptin /enable


·         ·              To disable CEIP, type:


ServerCEIPOptin /disable


 


Services, processes, and performance


 





























Task


Steps


List the running services.


At a command prompt, type either of the following:


·         ·              Sc query


·         ·              Net start


Start a service.


At a command prompt, type either of the following:


·         ·              SC start <service name>


·         ·              Net start <service name>


Stop a service.


At a command prompt, type either of the following:


·         ·              SC stop <service name>


·         ·              Net stop <service name>


Retrieve a list of running applications and associated processes.


At a command prompt, type:


Tasklist


Stop a process forcibly.


1.   Use the Tasklist command to retrieve the process ID (PID).


2.   At a command prompt, type:


Taskkill /PID <process ID>


Start Task Manager.


At a command prompt, type:


Taskmgr


Manage the performance counters and logging with commands such as typeperf, logman, relog, tracerprt.


See http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=84872


 


Event logs


 




















Task


Steps


List event logs.


At a command prompt, type:


Wevtutil el


Query events in a specified log.


At a command prompt, type:


Wevtutil qe /f:text <log name>


Export an event log.


At a command prompt, type:


Wevtutil epl <log name>


Clear an event log.


At a command prompt, type:


Wevtutil cl <log name>


 


Disk and file system


 









































Task


Steps


Manage disk partitions.


For a complete list of commands, at a command prompt, type:


Diskpart /?


Manage software RAID.


For a complete list of commands, at a command prompt, type:


Diskraid /?


Manage volume mount points.


For a complete list of commands, at a command prompt, type:


mountvol /?


Defragment a volume.


For a complete list of commands, at a command prompt, type:


Defrag /?


Convert a volume to the NTFS file system.


At a command prompt, type:


Convert <volume letter> /FS:NTFS


Compact a file.


For a complete list of commands, at a command prompt, type:


Compact /?


Administer open files.


For a complete list of commands, at a command prompt, type:


Openfiles /?


Administer VSS folders.


For a complete list of commands, at a command prompt, type:


Vssadmin /?


Administer the file system.


For a complete list of commands, at a command prompt, type:


Fsutil /?


Verify a file signature.


At a command prompt, type:


Sigverif /?


Take ownership of a file or folder.


For a complete list of commands, at a command prompt, type:


Icacls /?


 


Hardware


 














Task


Steps


Add a driver for a new hardware device.


1.   Copy the driver to a folder at %homedrive%\<driver folder>.


2.   At a command prompt, type:


pnputil -i -a %homedrive%\<driver folder>\<driver>.inf


Remove a driver for a hardware device.


1.   For a list of loaded drivers, at a command prompt, type:


Sc query type= driver


2.   At the command prompt, type:


Sc delete <service_name>


 


 


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  2. Gilbert Panitan says:

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  5. Ryker Abel says:

    Under "Change to a static IP address." for step 5, you are missing an "=" after name.

    You have:

    Netsh interface ipv4 set address name <ID from interface list> source=static address=<preferred IP address> gateway=<gateway address>

    But should have:

    Netsh interface ipv4 set address name=<ID from interface list> source=static address=<preferred IP address> gateway=<gateway address>

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