PerformancePoint 2013 Dashboard Designer fails to start after October 2013 CU

Issue: After the SharePoint 2013 October 2013 cumulative update (CU) the PerformancePoint 2013 dashboard designer fails to start and gives error "Application cannot be started.  Contact the application vendor." Note: We have seen rare circumstances where this issue occurs at later patch levels (post SP1) and is NOT limited to and/or is not fixed by the…

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