Microsoft Premier Education

Praxisorientierte Weiterbildung für Premier Kunden. Auf unserem Blog finden Sie die Beschreibung zu den Workshops. Eine Gesamtübersicht der verfügbaren Termine erhalten Sie unter http://aka.ms/de-premier-education.

Automatic Windows Azure Instance reboot notification

Once in a while it would be very nice to get an automatic notification if one of your instances in a Windows Azure role get’s rebootet.
(This will happen for example if the underlying operation system is updated automatically; which btw. is a really great benefit of PaaS!)

Let me describe a very simple approach that avoids touching the code of your Web/Worker Role at all!

1, Simply create a external (console) process that can send email to you.
(you can use and email provider you like, sendgrid actually offers 25000 emails/month for free http://sendgrid.com/azure.html)

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Net;

namespace reboot_notify
{
    class reboot_notify
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string instanceid=””;

            System.Net.Mail.MailMessage message;
            System.Net.Mail.SmtpClient smtp;

            instanceid = System.Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable(“ENV_ROLEID”);               

            System.Net.NetworkCredential nc = new NetworkCredential(<USERNAME>,<PASSWORD>);
            message = new System.Net.Mail.MailMessage();
            message.To.Add(<Email_receiver>);
            message.From = new System.Net.Mail.MailAddress(<FROM_ADRESS>);
            message.Body = “”;

            message.Subject = “Notification email: Instance ” +instanceid +” rebooted”;

            smtp = new System.Net.Mail.SmtpClient(>YOUR_EMAIL_SERVICE>);
            smtp.Credentials = nc;
            smtp.Send(message);

        }
    }
}

2, The trick now is to use the <Startup> tag in your Azure *.csdef file together with the (not very well known) <Environment> feature

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″?>
<ServiceDefinition name=”myhost” xmlns=”http://schemas.microsoft.com/ServiceHosting/2008/10/ServiceDefinition“>
  <WebRole name=”WebRole1″ vmsize=”Small”>
    <Startup>
      <Task commandLine=”reboot_notify.exe” taskType=”background” executionContext=”elevated”>
        <Environment>
          <Variable name=”ENV_ROLEID”>
            <RoleInstanceValue xpath=”/RoleEnvironment/CurrentInstance/@id” />
          </Variable>
        </Environment>
      </Task>
    </Startup>
[…]

 

Your email process will be spawned up and will automatically see the current Instance_ID in a variable called (in this sample) ENV_ROLEID.
Of course it can be very easily retrieved by using something like:

 instanceid = System.Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable(“ENV_ROLEID”); 

as shown in the sample code above.

3, Simply include your reboot_notify.exe as shown below into your azure deployment package. (DO NOT FORGET to set the “Copy always” flag in the properties)

 

 

That’s all .. simple ? 😉

JW