Active Directory Basics


Friday I did a webcast on Active Directory Basics.  Here is the questions and answers log from that webcast. Come to www.microsoft.com/webcast I am doing two webcast this week on SQL 2005. Today is Reporting Services and Friday is Data Mining!!  Enjoy!


Answer: What John’s going over–no, there are some functional differences between 2000 and 2003 AD see http://www.microsoft.com/technet/community/events/ad/add-04.mspx


Question: Does the Group Policy Management work with 2000?


Answer: Yes…. Check out — http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=0A6D4C24-8CBD-4B35-9272-DD3CBFC81887&displaylang=en


Question: Earlier there was a slide about Printers being under an OU. Where is that type of OU accessed?


Answer: There are two things at play here–I can have OU’s for servers that act as print servers for ease of centralized administration and you can publish network printers into AD so that they are discoverable see http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/prodtech/windowsserver2003/w2003hg/s3sgch08.mspx and http://support.microsoft.com/kb/321837


Question: If I were to search my domain (i.e. contoso.com) for an object, how do I know what OU it belongs to?


Answer: if you are using Saved Queries in ADU&C to do this search, once the results come back, you can go to the properties of an object, select the OBJECT tab, and the OU path is revealed there.


Question: Can you confirm than Vista Home use active directory?


Answer: Vista Home does not have Domain Join functionality. You need Business or later.


Question: Can you just as easily uncheck Global Catalog server after it is set as a global catalog server without too much negative effects?


Answer: As long as you have at least one other GC, yes……


Question: How do you get to the Active Directory Schema?


Answer: Log in as a user who is a member of the Schema admins group register the schema management dll and load it in an MMC snap in http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/en/advanced/help/SchmMgmt_Install_Snapin.htm


Question: What command do I use to verify that a server authenticated to a local DC? Do I use set, netdiag or dcdiag?


Answer: Use the nltest /dsgetdc:domainname command to verify that a domain controller can be located for a specific domain. The NLTest tool is installed with the Windows XP support tools.


Question: Can the User Templates in SBS 2003 be used with Windows Server 2003 R2. How would you import the templates?


Answer: No. Those templates are specific to the SBS Product.


Question: If you programmatically extend the AD and add attributes to a group or user object, what implications are there for not updating the schema?


Answer: I’m not sure I understand the question: By definition programmatically extending AD object attributes is a schema extension. The schema is the repository of object classes and attributes. I cannot extend those without updatingthe schema because that’s where I do that. http://technet2.microsoft.com/WindowsServer/en/library/eeb3f5d2-03ac-4e9c-bac3-83758c6bd42e1033.mspx?mfr=true


Question: Is Schema replicated to all DCs? Is the snap in applicable to all DCs ?


Answer: The schema is replicated to all DC’s, and while the snap-in can be loaded on any server, a connection to Schema Master is required and any changes are replicated from the Schema Master to all other DC’s


Question: What happens if the Schema master goes offline?


Answer: No changes can be made to the schema. see http://technet2.microsoft.com/WindowsServer/en/library/7fffd300-bbf1-4d9f-a46c-43252c3641161033.mspx?mfr=true and related links


Question: If you extend the property sheet of an object by creating a display specifier and the DS references attributes that currently do not exist for the object in the schema, what implications might there be?


Answer: First, I think the world stops spinning, then all of our left feet disappear, then…..well now I am just being silly. This is a very specific question that should be directed to tech Support if you have a tech issue or to the newsgroups if you are looking for info.


 


 


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