Exchange Server 2007 Recipient Management One-Liners Part 2


 

A few days ago, we posted blog Exchange Server 2007 recipient management one-liners covering common recipient management scenarios in Exchange Server 2007 using Exchange Management Console ("console"), and the one-liners behind the scenes - single-line commands in Exchange Management Shell ("shell" or "EMS based on Windows PowerShell") executed to achieve the thing. Now the console exposes one-liners for each wizard after successful completion. Here's some more one-liners:

Distribution Group

There are several distribution group types including:

  • MailEnabledUniversalSecurityGroup: Universal Security Group that can receive mail
  • MailEnabledUniversalDistributionGroup: Universal Distribution Group that can receive mail
  • MailEnabledNonUniversalGroup: Domain Local or Global, Security or Global, Distribution Group that can receive mail, which are created in Exchange 2000/2003. It is recommended to convert any groups of this type to Universal groups to prevent member expansion problems in multi-domain environments.
  • MailEnabledDynamicDistributionGroup: Query-Based Distribution Group that can receive mail

The section below lists common scenarios for distribution group management. Those scenarios similar to Mailbox management are not repeated here.

Scenario: Create a new distribution group

Administrators can create a new distribution group by creating a new group and mail-enabling it, or mail-enable an existing group. The steps for creating a new distribution group using the "New Distribution Group" wizard are similar to the steps creating a new mailbox using the "New Mailbox" wizard.

Shell one-liner:

# Create a new distribution group and mail-enable it
new-DistributionGroup -alias testdg -name "Test Distribution Group" -type <distribution | security> -org Users -SamAccountName Testers
# Mail-enable an existing universal group
enable-DistributionGroup testuniversalgroup -alias enableddg

Scenario: Create a new dynamic distribution group

Creating a new dynamic distribution group using the "New Dynamic Distribution Group" wizard follows the similar steps creating a new distribution group.

Shell one-liner:

# Create a new dynamic distribution group using the “custom” RecipientFilter parameter (rather than precanned filter syntax).
new-DynamicDistributionGroup -alias testddg -name TestDDG -recipientfilter {Company -eq "example"} -org Users

Change Management

Scenario: Add members to a distribution group

Shell one-liner:

add-DistributionGroupMember testdg -Member jaredz

Scenario: Set OOF and delivery report option for groups

Shell one-liner:

set-DistributionGroup testdg -ReportToOriginatorEnabled:$True -SendOofMessageToOriginatorEnabled:$True

Bulk Management

Scenario: Create a distribution group and add mailboxes specified by a CSV file to the distribution group

Shell one-liner:

Below one-liner creates a distribution group for all team members based on Avalanche.csv file, which contains NHL Avalanche team roster information including the below columns:
    Pos,No,Player,Age,Ht,Wt,Born,Exp,Birth City

new-distributiongroup -alias avalanche -name "Avalanche Team" -type distribution -org users -SamAccountName AvalancheTeam
import-csv Avalanche.csv | foreach {add-distributiongroupmember avalanche -member "avalanche$($_.No)"}

Scenario: Create a dynamic distribution group for players in the "center" position based on a CSV file

Shell one-liner:

# Avalanche.csv file has below columns:
#     Pos,No,Player,Age,Ht,Wt,Born,Exp,Birth City
import-csv Avalanche.csv | foreach {set-user "avalanche$($_.No)" -Department $_.Pos}
new-DynamicDistributionGroup -alias avalanche_centers -name avalanche_centers -recipientfilter {Company -eq "avalanche" -and Department -eq "centers"} -org Users

Scenario: Set storage quotas for all members in a distribution group

Shell one-liner:

Get-DistributionGroup testdg | Get-DistributionGroupMember | Set-Mailbox -UseDatabaseQuotaDefaults:$False -IssueWarningQuota 90MB -ProhibitSendQuota 95MB -ProhibitSendReceiveQuota 100MB

Mail Contact

There are several mail contact types including MailEnabledContact and MailEnabledUser. Both can be managed through the GUI console or through the shell. The section below lists common scenarios for mail-enabled contact management. Those scenarios similar to Mailbox management are not repeated here.

Scenario: Create a new mail contact

Administrators can create a new mail contact by creating a new contact and mail-enabling it, or by mail-enabling an existing contact. The steps creating a new mail contact using the "New Mail Contact" wizard are similar to the steps creating a new mailbox using the "New Mailbox" wizard.

Shell one-liner:

# Create a new mail contact
new-MailContact -alias testmc -name TestMailContact -org Users -ExternalEmailAddress textmc@example.com
# Mail-enable an existing contact
enable-Mailcontact testcontact -alias enabledmc -ExternalEmailAddress enabledmc@example.com
# Create a new mail user
new-MailUser -alias testmc -name TestMailContact -org Users -ExternalEmailAddress textmc@example.com
# Mail-enable an existing user
enable-MailUser testcontact -alias enabledmc -ExternalEmailAddress enabledmc@example.com

Bulk Management

Scenario: Bulk create MailContacts based on a CSV file

Shell one-liner:

# contacts.csv is a sample csv file containing below columns:
#     name,company,department,displayName,targetAddress,mailNickname
import-csv contacts.csv | foreach { new-mailcontact -alias $_.mailnickname -name $_.displayName -ExternalEmailAddress $_.targetaddress -org Users }

Disconnected Mailbox

Scenario: Find disconnected mailboxes on a mailbox database

Disconnected mailboxes are displayed under the Disconnected Mailbox node in the console.

Shell one-liner:

Get-MailboxStatistics -Database "Mailbox Database" | where { $_.DisconnectDate -ne $null }

Scenario: Recover disconnected mailboxes

Disconnected mailboxes are displayed under the Disconnected Mailbox node in the console. Right clicking the context menu "Connect..." will launch the "Connect Mailbox" wizard to walk through the steps of connecting a mailbox.

Shell one-liner:

# Connect all disconnected mailboxes stored in the specified mailbox database.
Get-MailboxStatistics | where {$_.DisconnectDate -ne $null} | Connect-Mailbox -Database "Mailbox Database"

- Jared (Ji-Chao) Zhang 

Comments (2)
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  2. Anonymous says:

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