Performance data "missing" in the OpsMgr warehouse and Health Service Modules event 31553

We had an odd issue happen, which resulted in many relatively new servers not having their performance data in OpsMgr data warehouse.  Alongside this symptom, we kept seeing the following errors raised in the Operations Manager event log on our management servers: Log Name:      Operations Manager Source:        Health Service Modules Date:          8/8/2014 9:19:12 AM Event…

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