Error "The certificate enrollment page you are attempting to access cannot be used with this version of Windows" after MS11-051 patch installation

Symptom: You have Windows Server 2003 with installed Certification Authority and Web Enrollment components. When you try to access web enrollment pages from a Windows Vista-based (or newer) computer you receive error: The certificate enrollment page you are attempting to access cannot be used with this version of Windows. To enable Web certificate enrollment for clients…

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